Science

The “Lost” Recipe for Damascus Steel

SciShow is supported by Brilliant.org. Go to https://Brilliant.org/SciShow to get 20% off of an annual Premium subscription.

Damascus steel blades were not only visually stunning with their intricate, swirling patterns, but they were also known for being incredibly sharp. Unfortunately, the recipe for making them was lost over time and we haven’t been able to make a batch of true Damascus swords since the 1800s.

Hosted by: Michael Aranda

SciShow has a spinoff podcast! It’s called SciShow Tangents. Check it out at http://www.scishowtangents.org
———-
Support SciShow by becoming a patron on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/scishow
———-
Huge thanks go to the following Patreon supporters for helping us keep SciShow free for everyone forever:

Silas Emrys, Drew Hart, Jeffrey Mckishen, James Knight, Christoph Schwanke, Jacob, Matt Curls, Christopher R Boucher, Eric Jensen, Adam Brainard, Nazara, GrowingViolet, Ash, Laura Sanborn, Sam Lutfi, Piya Shedden, KatieMarie Magnone, charles george, Alex Hackman, Chris Peters, Kevin Bealer, Alisa Sherbow

———-
Looking for SciShow elsewhere on the internet?
Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/scishow
Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/scishow
Tumblr: http://scishow.tumblr.com
Instagram: http://instagram.com/thescishow
———-
Sources:
http://www.hefajstos.agh.edu.pl/files/[1998]%20The%20Mystery%20of%20the%20Damascus%20Sword%20-%20J.%20Verhoeven%20A.%20Pendray.pdf
https://www.academia.edu/download/1896416/Feuerbach_JOM_Archaeotech.pdf
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7215521/
https://www.e-education.psu.edu/matse81/node/2142
https://www.britannica.com/technology/smelting

Adventures in Experimental Smelting


https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0305440310001925
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11837-006-0023-y
https://www.britannica.com/technology/crucible
https://pubs.geoscienceworld.org/msa/ammin/article-abstract/103/7/1080/537158
https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acs.chemrev.8b00245
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1179/mst.1994.10.11.955
https://www.chemistryworld.com/news/acid-solution-for-nanotube-fibres/3000269.article
https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/physics/2010/press-release/
https://chemistry-europe.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/cphc.201300337
https://www.nature.com/articles/444286a
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41578-020-0219-8
https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Li-Yuhang-2/publication/345003734_Dramatic_improvement_of_impact_toughness_for_the_fabricating_of_low-_carbon_steel_components_via_submerged_arc_additive_manufacturing/links/5f9bf258458515b7cfa96f61/Dramatic-improvement-of-impact-toughness-for-the-fabricating-of-low-carbon-steel-components-via-submerged-arc-additive-manufacturing.pdf
https://www.oldfieldforge.co.uk/history-of-blacksmithing/
https://www.tf.uni-kiel.de/matwis/amat/iss/kap_a/illustr/ia_2_4.html
https://www.tf.uni-kiel.de/matwis/amat/iss/kap_a/backbone/ra_4_1.html#Bulad%20egg
https://journals.openedition.org/ceroart/2557
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11837-018-2915-z

Images:
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/traditional-handmade-finnish-knife-made-of-damascus-steel-gm1055892112-282172168
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:GDCN0024216_banded_iron_ore_(50189012776).jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:%C5%9Awi%C4%99to_%C5%9Al%C4%85ska_piec_p.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Iron_bloom.jpg
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/iron-pour-gm174832184-22682972
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Syria_(orthographic_projection).svg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Vanadium-bar.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Kohlenstoffnanoroehre_Animation.gif
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/vanadium-metal-crystal-isolated-gm1248505003-363634076
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Watered_pattern_on_sword_blade1.Iran.JPG
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Kristallstruktur_Zementit.png
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/background-with-pattern-of-damask-steel-close-up-macro-shot-of-a-damascus-steel-gm1137938262-303613320
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/molten-steel-gm183805301-16168644
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/carbon-nanotube-gm160380750-21693830
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/small-pieces-of-strong-metal-ore-gm157526585-11616805
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/beautiful-luxurious-utility-knife-in-texas-wind-damask-pattern-gm1309449852-399160673
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/close-up-texture-of-damuscus-steel-pattern-background-gm1034919208-277074453
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/steel-texture-abstract-background-made-of-steel-gm531586393-55465608

Articles You May Like

Magic Square Party Trick – Numberphile
10 Movies that Drove People to KILL
The Web Is Not The Net
From slave to rebel gladiator: The life of Spartacus – Fiona Radford
White Holes | Space Time

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *