Computer

A hacked car that could kill you should be more worrying than a thousand lightbulbs taking Facebook offline. University of Cambridge’s Professor Ross Anderson explains why safety should be higher on the agenda than privacy. SHA: Secure Hashing Algorithm: https://youtu.be/DMtFhACPnTY Data Harvesting: https://youtu.be/2lEhamPHh3k Golden Key – FBI vs Apple iPhone: https://youtu.be/6RNKtwAGvqc http://www.facebook.com/computerphile Tweets by computer_phile
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Where are we at with Quantum computing? Robert Smith (of Rigetti Computing) explains that we’re in the EDSAC/ENIAC era…. see follow up video for more technical information: Watch the next one in the series: https://youtu.be/ZN0lhYU1f5Q https://www.facebook.com/computerphile Tweets by computer_phile This video was filmed and edited by Sean Riley. Computer Science at the University of Nottingham:
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Recursion can be tricky to grasp. Professor Thorsten Altenkirch uses Python to demonstrate an example taken from his latest book. More on recursion: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLzH6n4zXuckrnXQ-5AfWUdnCzZOQgft1B EXTRA BITS: https://youtu.be/c9IH8DHDI4M Thorsten & Isaac’s Python programming book: https://bit.ly/2p3r5IT https://www.facebook.com/computerphile Tweets by computer_phile This video was filmed and edited by Sean Riley. Computer Science at the University of Nottingham: https://bit.ly/nottscomputer
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Removing voxels until the shape emerges. Space Carving is a kind of virtual sculpture. Image Analyst Dr Mike Pound explains how though it’s a bit rough and ready, it can be lightning fast. Rob Miles on Game Playing AI: https://youtu.be/5oXyibEgJr0 Deep Learning: https://youtu.be/l42lr8AlrHk Secure Web Browsing: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=E_wX40fQwEA Thanks to Rick van de Zedde, Wageningen UR
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We’ve all got to the edge of the wifi coverage, but the idea of coverage produces a network problem, the Hidden Node Problem. Dr Steve Bagley explains. https://www.facebook.com/computerphile Tweets by computer_phile This video was filmed and edited by Sean Riley. Computer Science at the University of Nottingham: https://bit.ly/nottscomputer Computerphile is a sister project to Brady
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Just what was it that took Facebook, Instagram & WhatsApp offline on 4th October 2021? – Dr Steve Bagley investigates! previously titled “Facebook’s Day Off” Facebook announcement on the outage: https://bit.ly/C_FB-Outage The visualisation software Steve was using was BGP play, downloaded from the RIPE website. https://www.facebook.com/computerphile Tweets by computer_phile This video was filmed and edited
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Spectre refers to a whole family of potential weaknesses of which Meltdown is just one. Dr Steve Bagley talks about CPU hardware design flaws on an unprecedented scale. Papers on both Spectre and Meltdown can be found here: http://bit.ly/C_Spec_Melt CPU Hardware: COMING SOON Secret Key Exchange: https://youtu.be/NmM9HA2MQGI https://www.facebook.com/computerphile Tweets by computer_phile This video was filmed
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This Primer is to accompany the ‘Busy Beaver Turing Machines’ film which can be viewed here: http://youtu.be/CE8UhcyJS0I Professor Brailsford’s code and further reading: http://bit.ly/busybeaver Turing and the Halting Problem: http://youtu.be/macM_MtS_w4 Busy Beaver Turing Machines: http://youtu.be/CE8UhcyJS0I Domino Addition – Numberphile: http://youtu.be/lNuPy-r1GuQ Ackermann Follow Up: http://youtu.be/uNACwX-O5lk ‘Turing Machines Collection’ Playlist: http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLzH6n4zXuckrEzV0CB1xXbSdsP_a7VUoK “The Most Difficult Program to Compute?”
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10% off at Squarespace: http://squarespace.com/computerphile Secret services want to read people’s communications, politicians talk about terrorists, but what’s the reality of banning encryption? Ross Anderson, Professor of Security Engineering at the Computer Laboratory, University of Cambridge explains how history repeats itself. The Dress: https://youtu.be/Tw0PlGpaqy4 The VR Cave: https://youtu.be/STMcWUtQr1Y Public Key Cryptography: https://youtu.be/GSIDS_lvRv4 Alan Turing and
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Cracking the code was only half the battle. To keep the upper hand, when using Bill Tutte’s statistical methods, the detailed counting had to be automated – enter Colossus! Professor Brailsford takes up the story. The professor’s notes: http://www.eprg.org/computerphile/lorenz-combined.pdf Bletchley Park Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLzH6n4zXuckrSWWIDJ_3To7ro5-naSk8v Professor Brailsford used the book “Colossus” by B. Jack Copeland and others
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Digital currency, how does it work, what’s a data miner and will Bitcoin last? We asked Professor Ross Anderson of the University of Cambridge Computer Laboratory. The Problem with BitCoin: https://youtu.be/s2XHyzPA9Zc Chip & PIN Fraud: https://youtu.be/Ks0SOn8hjG8 $5 Computer – Raspberry Pi Zero: https://youtu.be/WR0ghM3U0M4 Why Computers Use Binary: https://youtu.be/thrx3SBEpL8 Public Key Cryptography: https://youtu.be/GSIDS_lvRv4 http://www.facebook.com/computerphile Tweets by
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Postscript took off like a rocket but PDF took its time, many people wondering “What’s it for?” Professor Brailsford’s experience with one such person – a US immigration officer… Unrolling the Loops (Postscript/PDF intro): https://youtu.be/guXgBe2wvEA Fire Pong in Detail: https://youtu.be/ZoZMMg1r_Oc Deep Dream: https://youtu.be/BsSmBPmPeYQ FPS & Digital Video: https://youtu.be/yniSnYtkrwQ Password Cracking: https://youtu.be/7U-RbOKanYs http://www.facebook.com/computerphile Tweets by computer_phile
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Our eyes can spot edges with no problems, but how do computers determine what’s an edge and what’s not? Image Analyst Dr Mike Pound explains the Sobel Edge detector. How Blurs & Filters work: https://youtu.be/C_zFhWdM4ic The Problem with JPEG: https://youtu.be/yBX8GFqt6GA Secrets Hidden in Images (Steganography): https://youtu.be/TWEXCYQKyDc Man in the Middle Attacks: https://youtu.be/-enHfpHMBo4 Mike’s Code in
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Why encrypted group messaging isn’t as secure as point to point. Dr Mike Pound explains this ongoing problem. Instant Messaging & the Signal Protocol: https://youtu.be/DXv1boalsDI Double Ratchet Messaging Encryption: https://youtu.be/9sO2qdTci-s Relevant paper: https://eprint.iacr.org/2017/666.pdf https://www.facebook.com/computerphile Tweets by computer_phile This video was filmed and edited by Sean Riley. Computer Science at the University of Nottingham: https://bit.ly/nottscomputer Computerphile
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Colossus was one of the very first electronic, special purpose, computers and it was created almost two years earlier than the better known ENIAC. We visit Bletchley Park, home of the code breakers, and TNMoC, The National Museum of Computing. Professor Brailsford shows us the Colossus replica. The Most Difficult Program to Compute?: https://youtu.be/i7sm9dzFtEI Computer
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Hitler’s High Command didn’t use Enigma, they used a faster system called Lorenz, but when Allied forces first encountered it, they had no idea what it was and code-named it ‘Tunny’ (Tuna). Professor Brailsford explains why this relates to the early days of Computer Science Next Video in this series: https://youtu.be/yxx3Bkmv3ck The Professor’s Notes: Undulator
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How well sorted is your algorithm? Choosing the right method to sort numbers has a huge effect on how quickly a computer can process a task. Alex Pinkney talks about two popular sorting algorithms and how they ‘scale up.’ Follow up film “Quick Sort”: http://youtu.be/XE4VP_8Y0BU Alex’s code that generated the data for the tests: https://github.com/apinkney97/Sorts
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The story of recursion continues as Professor Brailsford explains one of the most difficult programs to compute: Ackermann’s function. Professor Brailsford’s programs: http://bit.ly/1nhKtW4 Follow Up Film from the Prof in response to this film: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uNACwX-O5lk What on Earth is Recursion?: http://youtu.be/Mv9NEXX1VHc Fibonacci Programming: http://youtu.be/7t_pTlH9HwA Heartbleed, Running the Code: http://youtu.be/1dOCHwf8zVQ VR Series: COMING SOON! Please note,
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Diffie Hellman has a flaw. Dr Mike Pound explains how a man in the middle could be a big problem, unless we factor it in… Public Key Cryptography: https://youtu.be/GSIDS_lvRv4 Elliptic Curve Cryptography: Coming Soon! https://www.facebook.com/computerphile Tweets by computer_phile This video was filmed and edited by Sean Riley. Computer Science at the University of Nottingham: https://bit.ly/nottscomputer
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Whether you are a Mac-o-phile or a Mac-o-phobe it is hard to deny the impact of the original Mac. As Mac turns 30, Professor David Brailsford takes us through what the original Mac was like and how it helped people learn to love computers. EXTRA BITS: http://youtu.be/rbeYwh2CstQ How YouTube Works: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OqQk7kLuaK4 Note: please excuse the
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Just what is a pipeline in the computer science sense? We asked Computer Science guru Professor Brian Kernighan Why Asimov’s Laws of Robotics Don’t Work: https://youtu.be/7PKx3kS7f4A Brian Kerninghan on Bell Labs: https://youtu.be/QFK6RG47bww Don Knuth on Email: https://youtu.be/QS8qwMna8_o Computer That Changed Everything: https://youtu.be/6LYRgrqJgDc http://www.facebook.com/computerphile Tweets by computer_phile This video was filmed and edited by Sean Riley.
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Can deep learning improve your gaming experience? We have no idea but we know how it works. Dr Mike Pound on Deep Learned Super Sampling EXTRA BITS: https://youtu.be/4ZkrLfEIJXI https://www.facebook.com/computerphile Tweets by computer_phile This video was filmed and edited by Sean Riley. Computer Science at the University of Nottingham: https://bit.ly/nottscomputer Computerphile is a sister project to
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Hyperspace was hijacked by science fiction, but what is a space? Robert Miles explains with the use of small red rabbits and human faces. How Broadband ADSL Works: http://youtu.be/uwtGfyna62I Busy Beaver Turing Machines: http://youtu.be/CE8UhcyJS0I Public Key Cryptography: http://youtu.be/GSIDS_lvRv4 http://www.facebook.com/computerphile Tweets by computer_phile This video was filmed and edited by Sean Riley. Computer Science at the
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When a Bitcoin Miner Mines, what is happening? Dr Mike Pound exposes the process.. note: at 3:39 Mike mentions a Bitcoin is mined every ten minutes when it is actually a block that is mined every ten minutes, at time of recording a successful block generates 12.5 new Bitcoins. Password Cracking: https://youtu.be/7U-RbOKanYs Onion Routing (TOR):
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Kerberos is an authentication method – Dr Mike Pound explains how it works so neatly. EXTRA BITS: Kerberos Q&A https://youtu.be/QN4WmZXi4tg https://www.facebook.com/computerphile Tweets by computer_phile This video was filmed and edited by Sean Riley. Computer Science at the University of Nottingham: https://bit.ly/nottscomputer Computerphile is a sister project to Brady Haran’s Numberphile. More at http://www.bradyharan.com
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What does a GPU do differently to a CPU and why don’t we use them for everything? First of a series from Jem Davies, VP of Technology at ARM. Floating Point Numbers: http://youtu.be/PZRI1IfStY0 Why Computers Use Binary: https://youtu.be/thrx3SBEpL8 How Bitcoin Works: https://youtu.be/JyxRH18YlpA Triangles & Pixels (Graphics Playlist): https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLzH6n4zXuckrPkEUK5iMQrQyvj9Z6WCrm http://www.facebook.com/computerphile Tweets by computer_phile This video was
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Harry’s: http://www.harrys.com/ use coupon code “COMPUTERPHILE” for $5 off What’s a colourspace and why do we have different ones? It’s horses for courses as Image Analyst Mike Pound explains. Digital Images: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLzH6n4zXuckpbNdFO2WW78evpMBqgqyp8 Atari ST: Pushing the Limits: https://youtu.be/3OdtfsXOkEY Professor Steve Furber on ARM: COMING SOON! Universe of Triangles: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLzH6n4zXuckrPkEUK5iMQrQyvj9Z6WCrm http://www.facebook.com/computerphile Tweets by computer_phile This video
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Nearest Neighbour and BiLinear resize explained by Dr Mike Pound Fire Pong: https://youtu.be/T6EBe_5LxO8 Google Deep Dream: https://youtu.be/BsSmBPmPeYQ FPS & Digital Video: https://youtu.be/yniSnYtkrwQ http://www.facebook.com/computerphile Tweets by computer_phile This video was filmed and edited by Sean Riley. Computer Science at the University of Nottingham: http://bit.ly/nottscomputer Computerphile is a sister project to Brady Haran’s Numberphile. More at http://www.bradyharan.com
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They’re called ‘Finite State Automata” and occupy the centre of Chomsky’s Hierarchy – Professor Brailsford explains the ultimate single purpose computer. Note: Professor Brailsford omitted the transition from the 5 state to 25 state by means of a 20p, he has amended the linked notes! Chomsky’s Hierarchy: https://youtu.be/224plb3bCog $5 Computer – Raspberry Pi Zero: https://youtu.be/WR0ghM3U0M4
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Negative Binary Numbers – you may have heard of ‘signed’ numbers, but do you know how they work? Professor Brailsford explains not just how, but why we use the systems we do. Binary Addition: http://youtu.be/WN8i5cwjkSE Most Difficult Program to Compute?: http://youtu.be/i7sm9dzFtEI Floating Point Numbers: http://youtu.be/PZRI1IfStY0 http://www.facebook.com/computerphile Tweets by computer_phile This video was filmed and edited
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Byte ordering, or boiled egg orientation, endianness is important! Dr Steve Bagley on the computer science topic named after something from an 18th century novel…. The copy of Gulliver’s Travels used in the graphics was found at archive.org and can be viewed here: http://bit.ly/C_Gulliver The animations of the hex to binary have a classic ‘out
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One of the most elegant solutions for cryptography. Dr Mike Pound explains one of his most favourite ciphers. https://www.facebook.com/computerphile Tweets by computer_phile This video was filmed and edited by Sean Riley. Computer Science at the University of Nottingham: https://bit.ly/nottscomputer Computerphile is a sister project to Brady Haran’s Numberphile. More at http://www.bradyharan.com
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Turing Machines are the basis of modern computing, but what actually is a Turing Machine? Assistant Professor Mark Jago explains. Turing & The Halting Problem: http://youtu.be/macM_MtS_w4 Busy Beavers: https://youtu.be/CE8UhcyJS0I Avatars & In-Flight VR: http://youtu.be/TLKqKlrQv4s The (pink) VR Simulator: http://youtu.be/Lm0lA0enPSk http://www.facebook.com/computerphile Tweets by computer_phile This video was filmed and edited by Sean Riley. Computer Science at
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We rely on Chip & PIN machines to pay for things in a safe way, so how are they being compromised? Ross Anderson is Professor of Security Engineering at the Computer Laboratory, University of Cambridge. Man in the Middle Attacks: https://youtu.be/-enHfpHMBo4 AI Worst Case Scenario – Deadly Truth of AI: https://youtu.be/tcdVC4e6EV4 The Problem with JPEG:
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Text compression methods such as LZ can reduce file sizes by up to 80%. Professor Brailsford explains the nuts and bolts of how it is done. Original Compression film: http://youtu.be/Lto-ajuqW3w EXTRA BITS – Text Compression meets probabilities: http://youtu.be/cCDCfoHTsaU Cross Site Scripting with Tom Scott: http://youtu.be/L5l9lSnNMxg http://www.facebook.com/computerphile Tweets by computer_phile This video was filmed and edited
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Over Computerphile’s first year, we asked each contributor the question: “Mac or PC?” as part of our sound-check. Here are the answers… nb – we know that PC is defined as Personal Computer, and that to be pedantic, a Mac ‘is’ a PC, but in general, ‘PC’ is the way people refer to a machine
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How do websites marry up to their IP addresses? Dr Mike Pound explains the Domain Name System – DNS. https://www.facebook.com/computerphile Tweets by computer_phile This video was filmed and edited by Sean Riley. Computer Science at the University of Nottingham: https://bit.ly/nottscomputer Computerphile is a sister project to Brady Haran’s Numberphile. More at http://www.bradyharan.com
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The basis of almost all functional programming, Professor Graham Hutton explains Lambda Calculus. http://www.facebook.com/computerphile Tweets by computer_phile This video was filmed and edited by Sean Riley. Computer Science at the University of Nottingham: http://bit.ly/nottscomputer Computerphile is a sister project to Brady Haran’s Numberphile. More at http://www.bradyharan.com
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Image filters make most people think of Instagram or Camera Phone apps, but what’s really going on at pixel level? Image Analyst Dr Mike Pound explains some of the most common filters. Secrets Hidden in Images (Steganography): https://youtu.be/TWEXCYQKyDc JPEG ‘files’ & Colour: https://youtu.be/n_uNPbdenRs The Dress: https://youtu.be/Tw0PlGpaqy4 The VR Cave: https://youtu.be/STMcWUtQr1Y JPEG Discrete Cosine Transform (DCT):
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Substitution-permutation networks are the basis for almost all modern symmetric cryptography. Dr Mike Pound explains. https://www.facebook.com/computerphile Tweets by computer_phile This video was filmed and edited by Sean Riley. Computer Science at the University of Nottingham: https://bit.ly/nottscomputer Computerphile is a sister project to Brady Haran’s Numberphile. More at http://www.bradyharan.com
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Never use JPEG with text. But why? Image Analyst Mike Pound explains what goes wrong when JPEG tries to compress text. Holy Grail of AI: https://youtu.be/tlS5Y2vm02c Computer That Changed Everything: https://youtu.be/6LYRgrqJgDc Arduino Hardware: https://youtu.be/b4z1zkmo1BE How JPEG Works: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLzH6n4zXuckoAod3z31QEST1ZaizBuNHh http://www.facebook.com/computerphile Tweets by computer_phile This video was filmed and edited by Sean Riley. Computer Science at the
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Audible free book: http://www.audible.com/computerphile Unicode is changing, adding tons more icons and smilies – But what’s new and why? Tom Scott takes us through the improvements… More from Tom Scott: http://www.youtube.com/user/enyay and https://twitter.com/tomscott Characters, Symbols & the Unicode Miracle: http://youtu.be/MijmeoH9LT4 Floating Point Numbers: http://youtu.be/PZRI1IfStY0 The VR CAVE: http://youtu.be/STMcWUtQr1Y End for Moore’s Law?: http://youtu.be/X8v1BB0UaDs http://www.facebook.com/computerphile Tweets
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Surely decimal numbers are easier to understand than binary? So why don’t computers use them? Professor Brailsford explains the relationships between binary, power and simplicity. EXTRA BITS: https://youtu.be/NlWuTYhF8KM Colossus & Bletchley Park: https://youtu.be/9HH-asvLAj4 Inside a Data Centre: https://youtu.be/fd3kSdu4W7c Steve Furber on ARM: https://youtu.be/1jOJl8gRPyQ Fishy Codes – Bletchley’s Other Secret: https://youtu.be/Ou_9ntYRzzw http://www.facebook.com/computerphile Tweets by computer_phile This
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Connecting via SSH to a remote machine is second nature to some, but how does it work? Dr Steve Bagley. Dr Mike Pound on Hashing (mentions padding but full video on padding is planned to follow): https://youtu.be/DMtFhACPnTY https://www.facebook.com/computerphile Tweets by computer_phile This video was filmed and edited by Sean Riley. Computer Science at the University
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JPEG Isn’t a file format. Image Analyst Mike Pound explains why not in our first in a series about how JPEG works. Colourspaces: https://youtu.be/LFXN9PiOGtY Elegant Compression (The LZ Method): https://youtu.be/goOa3DGezUA Capturing Digital Images (The Bayer Filter): https://youtu.be/LWxu4rkZBLw Discrete Cosine Transform: https://youtu.be/Q2aEzeMDHMA http://www.facebook.com/computerphile Tweets by computer_phile This video was filmed and edited by Sean Riley. Computer
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