Veritasium

The solution to 4 rotation-related riddles, including the mystery cylinder, bike pedal pulling puzzle, track problem, and train part going backwards. Thank you to everyone who responded, liked, shared, or made a video response. Please fill out this short survey for research: http://ve42.co/Rresearch Special thanks to: Mathematician George Hart: http://georgehart.com/ For allowing me to use
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How do you measure big forces accurately? By calibrating your force transducer on the world’s biggest weight – 1,000,000 pounds of force. This machine ensures planes don’t break apart, jets provide required thrust, and rockets make it to their destination. Thanks to the people at NIST for showing me around: Rick Seifarth and Ben Stein.
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Are all people on Earth really connected through just six steps? There’s much more science in this than I initially expected. It turns out ordered networks with a small degree of randomness become small-work networks. This is why your acquaintances turn out to be more important in job searches and finding new opportunities than close
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Scientists are being inspired by nature to design the next generation of security devices. Arrays of nanoscale holes create beautiful reflected colours that are almost impossible to forge. This video was supported by TechNyou – check out their series on logical fallacies: http://bit.ly/WBsD31 Soon these nanoscale security devices could replace holograms. They are many times
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How much information is there in Spanish vs English, you vs the world? Check out Audible: http://bit.ly/AudibleVe Huge thanks to all the amazing people who made this possible: Christina Ochoa – Spanish https://twitter.com/christina_ochoa Vanessa Hill – Filming https://www.youtube.com/braincraftvideo Henry Reich – Filming, cameo http://youtube.com/minutephysics Cara Santa Maria – Set design http://carasantamaria.com Michael Stevens – cameo
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The Salton Sea is the largest body of water in California, home to the second most diverse group of birds in America and it exists by accident. Another great video on the Salton Sea: https://youtu.be/otIU6Py4K_A I used archive from this video. Music by Kevin MacLeod, www.incompetech.com ‘Mirage’, ‘Hyperfun’, ‘Marty Gots a Plan’, ‘Past the Edge’
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Complete unedited interviews: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8dcw98B2Nzg Trees can weigh hundreds or even thousands of tons, but where do they get this mass from? A few common answers are: the soil, water, and sunlight. But the truth is the vast majority of a dry tree’s mass comes from the air – it originated as carbon dioxide
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SYNCHRONIZE WITH DESTIN’S VIDEO: http://bit.ly/NorthernSwirl Both videos on one page (for desktop): http://bit.ly/ToiletSwirl Subscribe to Smarter Every Day: http://bit.ly/SubscribeSED Click to tweet: http://bit.ly/ToiletSwirlTWT Some notes: We each repeated the experiment 3 times, and got the same results every time. For those of you who might be skeptical, great! A right circular prismatic kiddie pool is
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How long is the coastline of Australia? One estimate is that it’s about 12,500 km long. However the CIA world factbook puts the figure at more than double this, at over 25,700 km. How can there exist such different estimates for the same length of coastline? Well this is called the coastline paradox. Your estimate
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How much would it take for you to risk $10? Check out Audible: http://bit.ly/AudibleVe Can you solve this? http://bit.ly/248Ve Regression to the mean: http://bit.ly/VeRTTM Help translate Veritasium videos into other languages: http://veritasium.subtitl.us Psychological literature shows that we are more sensitive to small losses and than small gains, with most people valuing a loss around 1.5-2.5
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Want more awesome HD slow-mo? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uiyMuHuCFo4 Slinky not long enough? Click here: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JsytnJ_pSf8 How does a slinky fall when extended by its own weight and then released? We discover the surprising answer using a slow motion camera that records 300 frames per second. Answer link: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oKb2tCtpvNU For a great explanation, check out Rhett Allain’s analysis
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Raw interviews: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8dcw98B2Nzg The question has arisen often enough that I thought I’d answer it. If you hold views that are consistent with the majority of the population, does that make you stupid? I don’t think so. Science has uncovered a lot of counterintuitive things about the universe, so it’s unsurprising that non-scientists hold beliefs
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Many videos on YouTube show water freezing almost instantaneously. This video shows you how to replicate the experiment and it explains how the phenomenon works. Molecular illustrations are courtesy of: PhET Interactive Simulations University of Colorado http://phet.colorado.edu.
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The answer to the question – what happens to a tennis ball tied to the bottom of a slinky after the top of the slinky is let go? For a great explanation, check out Rhett Allain’s analysis here: http://www.wired.com/wiredscience/2011/09/modeling-a-falling-slinky/
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Used in everything from bullet-proof vests to the walls of the Pentagon, polyurea’s strength comes from its long-chain molecules. Check out How Ridiculous: http://bit.ly/VeHowRidiculous Snatoms magnetic molecules: http://bit.ly/VeSnatoms Veritasium on Patreon: http://bit.ly/VePatreon Special thanks to South Bay Line-X: http://southbaylinex.com/ Thanks to Patreon supporters: Nathan Hansen, Bryan Baker, Donal Botkin, Tony Fadell, Saeed Alghamdi Filmed by
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Who on Earth is exposed to the most ionizing radiation? Check out Audible: http://bit.ly/AudibleVe I’m filming a documentary for TV about how Uranium and radioactivity have shaped the modern world. It will be broadcast in mid-2015, details to come. The filming took me to the most radioactive places on Earth (and some places, which surprisingly
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Microwave grape plasma: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RwTjsRt0Fzo Northern Lights: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=knwiWm4DpvQ Nanodiamonds in candle flames: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KzOkuGQC3Rw Relight Candle Trick: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1tXPVTIisl0 Is a flame really a plasma? Well it depends on your definition of plasma, but there are certainly ions in a flame, formed as molecules collide with each other at high speed, sometimes knocking electrons off of their atoms.
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A pulsing black hole in the centre of a distant galaxy sheds light on black hole and galaxy formation. How fast are black holes rotating and how does that rotation change over its life-span? Huge thanks to Prof. Geraint Lewis and study author Dr. Dheeraj Pasham. A loud quasi-periodic oscillation after a star is disrupted
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What happens when you decrease the pressure around a liquid? It boils. Water boils at room temperature once the pressure is low enough. What is interesting is that this decreases the temperature of the liquid. The fastest molecules escape, leaving the slower ones behind. Using this trick with liquid nitrogen, it is possible to create
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Huge thanks to the Royal Institution, Professor Frank James, and Katie Atmore for filming. For the Sixty Symbols version of this experiment click http://bit.ly/RGfLY5 Michael Faraday created the first electric generator in 1831 using a coil of wire and a permanent magnet. When the magnet was moved relative to the coil, current was induced in
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Lift is an important concept, not only in flying but also in sailing. This week I’m talking to Olympic Sailor, Hunter Lowden. But before I get to the physics of sailing I thought I would explain lift since it’s generally poorly understood. minutephysics http://bit.ly/Muh6CC 1veritasium http://bit.ly/MrupzL efit30 http://bit.ly/O4CMme appchat http://bit.ly/NxAMlX erikaanear http://bit.ly/MdyUzQ whoisjimmy http://bit.ly/LtFzpW numberphile
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Epigenetics means women have different active x-chromosomes in different cells. Animation courtesy of http://wehi.tv Music by Amarante: http://bit.ly/VeAmarante Animation: Etsuko Uno Art and Technical Direction: Drew Berry Sound Design: Francois Tetaz & Emma Bortignon Scientific Consultation: Marnie Blewitt Courtesy of Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research: http://wehi.tv When a female embryo is four
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Hope this was worth the wait! So many people helped with this video: Prof John Sperry, Hank Green, Henry Reich, CGP Grey, Prof Poliakoff, my mum filmed for me in beautiful Stanley Park and Jen S helped with the fourth version of the script. Prof John Sperry http://biologylabs.utah.edu/sperry/john.html Hank Green (SciShow) http://www.youtube.com/user/scishow Henry Reich (minutephysics)
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There seems to be confusion about what radiation is and where it comes from. Many people believe it is the radiation that comes directly from nuclear power plants that poses a threat to public safety. In fact it is the radioactive atoms, which can escape in the event of an explosion, that pose a safety
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Is the future of the universe already determined? Vsauce tackles “What is Random?”: https://youtu.be/9rIy0xY99a0 Special Thanks to: Prof Stephen Bartlett, Prof Phil Moriarty, Prof Andrea Morello, Prof Tim Bedding, Prof Michio Kaku, A/Prof Alex Argyros, Henry Reich, Vanessa Hill, Dianna Cowern, George Ruiz and Mystery Cat. Views expressed in this video are not necessarily those
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Silicone oil droplets provide a physical realization of pilot wave theories. Check out Smarter Every Day: http://bit.ly/VeSmarter Support Veritasium on Patreon: http://bit.ly/VePatreon Huge thanks to: Dr. Stephane Perrard, Dr Matthieu Labousse, Pr Emmanuel Fort, Pr Yves Couder and their group site http://dualwalkers.com/ Prof. John Bush: http://math.mit.edu/~bush/ Dr. Daniel Harris Prof. Stephen Bartlett Looking Glass Universe:
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Is punishment or reward more effective as feedback? Do new medical treatments really work? What about streaks in sport? Without considering regression to the mean, we are prone to making significant errors. Check out Audible.com: http://bit.ly/ZJ5Q6z Filmed at Perimeter Institute: http://pitp.ca Is punishment or reward more effective for helping people learn. A lot of people
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Why is there a bright spot behind spherical objects? Be the first to find out about new projects: http://www.veritasium.com Filmed by Nathan Watkins and Raquel Nuno, animation by Meg Rosenburg. Music by Kevin MacLeod, http://www.incompetech.com ‘Scissors’ ‘Mirage’ ‘ Marty Gots a Plan’. Special thanks to Laura Vican for helping with the experiment. References: http://www.princeton.edu/~rvdb/images/Questar/PoissonSpot.html Why
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Whenever an object spins through the air it experiences a ‘Magnus Force’ due to friction between the air and the object’s surface. This force was originally identified while studying the trajectories of cannon balls (though earlier observations of this effect exist). The Magnus force is essential in most ball sports including golf, cricket, tennis, and
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An atom is mostly empty space, but empty space is mostly not empty. The reason it looks empty is because electrons and photons don’t interact with the stuff that is there, quark and gluon field fluctuations. It actually takes energy to clear out space and make a true ’empty’ vacuum. This seems incredibly counter-intuitive but
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Can we see things travelling faster than light? Check out Audible: http://bit.ly/AudibleVe Music by Amarante “One Last Thing” http://bit.ly/VeAmarante Awesome animations by http://youtube.com/minutephysics Thanks to Prof. Geraint Lewis for input on earlier drafts of this video. The expanding universe is a complicated place. During inflation the universe expanded faster than light, but that’s something that
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When pressure is applied to ice, its melting point is reduced so it turns to water. When the pressure is removed, however, it turns back into ice. This process is called ‘regelation.’ Big thanks to Art of Ice Sculptures www.icesculpture.com.au who donated the beautiful block of ice.
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How does a transistor work? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IcrBqCFLHIY Silicon-28 sphere: http://bit.ly/10J1G2o This episode supported by audible.com: http://bit.ly/ZJ5Q6z We have looked at how a transistor works, the fundamental unit of classical computers, and how a quantum computer works in theory, taking advantage of quantum superposition to hold exponentially more information than classical computers. Now we look at the
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It’s a little shaky but if you average out the oscillations I think the result is clear. Again, huge thank you’s to A/Prof Emeritus Rod Cross, Helen Georgiou, Alex Yeung, and Chris Stewart, Tom Gordon, the University of Sydney Mechanical Engineering shop, Duncan and co. Ralph and the School of Physics.
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Does quantum entanglement make faster-than-light communication possible? What is NOT random? http://bit.ly/NOTrandoVe First, I know this video is not easy to understand. Thank you for taking the time to attempt to understand it. I’ve been working on this for over six months over which time my understanding has improved. Quantum entanglement and spooky action at
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Stained glass is thicker at the bottom – so is it a liquid? Earth’s mantle enables plate tectonics, so is it a liquid? Check out Audible: http://bit.ly/AudibleVe Sign up for the mailing list: http://www.veritasium.com Pitch drop experiment: http://www.thetenthwatch.com Thanks to Meg Rosenburg for scripting and animation, Raquel Nuno for filming and Aaron White for script
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Key aspects of pyramid construction from quarry to completion. Check out Audible: http://bit.ly/AudibleVe Live show in Alabama: http://bit.ly/VeRAOI The most common misconception about the pyramids is that they were built by slaves. Recent archeological evidence suggests they were instead constructed by paid workers. Some may have performed this work as a form of tax payment
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